E.N.A. Renewables

E.N.A. Renewables, through its joint ventures, will be the first to introduce a proprietary system of Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT) to the United States. Utilizing a combination of automated sorting equipment, enhanced biological composting, and mechanical refinement, the High Efficiency Biological Treatment (HEBioT®) process will ultimately remove recyclables, produce a clean alternative fuel and achieve approximately 80% landfill diversion.

The Entsorga West Virginia project, located in Martinsburg, West Virginia, is just the first of what E.N.A. Renewables envisions to be a network of facilities providing a safe, environmentally efficient solution to the issue of waste disposal in the United States. Our MBT technology is perfect for larger generators of food waste, municipalities, and corporations with Zero Waste initiatives.


Reduced reliance on fossil fuels.

Reduced carbon footprint and lower GHG emissions.

Significantly extends the life of landfills

Improves environmental conditions for the local community


Case Studies

Entsorga West Virginia

Entsorga West Virginia is a joint venture between Apple Valley Waste Technologies, Inc., Entsorga Italia S.p.A., and Chemtex Global N.V. Our new state-of-the-art facility, located in Martinsburg, WV, is the first resource recovery facility in the United States that will utilize Entsorga Italia’s proprietary HEBioT mechanical biological treatment (“MBT”) system.

By utilizing the HEBioT MBT system, Entsorga WV will recover bio-mass, plastics and other carbon based materials from the mixed municipal solid waste (MSW) stream and convert them into a safe alternative fuel source. When collecting these sources of MSW, Entsorga WV will remove other valuable recyclable commodities such as metals and glass from the HEBioT receiving stream and put them into the local municipality recycling stream. This is in conjunction with the Berkeley County Recycling program that is already in place. Together this will increase recycling rates for the municipality.

The MSW received will be converted to a clean burning alternative fuel (Solid Recovered Fuel or SRF) which will be used by large energy users as an alternative or supplement to fossil fuels. It is ideal for co-processing (cement plants, steel mills) for the production of renewable energy use in coal/oil burning power plants or for the production of renewable energy.

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Frank E. Celli | CEO

Mr. Celli is a lifelong waste industry veteran. Most recently he was co-founder and CEO of Interstate Waste Services from October 2000 until November 2006, during which time the company achieved growth of over $150 million in revenue. During his time at Interstate Waste he was responsible for all aspects of the business including collection, recycling, landfills and emerging technologies.

After selling his interests in Interstate Waste he transitioned to BioHiTech. With over 25 years of Waste Industry experience, Mr. Celli has leveraged his knowledge of the traditional waste industry to facilitate the development of the Eco-Safe Digester and BioHiTech Cloud to begin the transformation of the organic waste industry.

He also serves as a director and officer of Entsorga West Virginia, the first resource recovery facility currently being constructed in the United States that will utilize Entsorga’s proprietary HEBioT mechanical biological treatment (“MBT”) system. Mr. Celli graduated from Pace University’s Lubin School of Business.

Emily F. Dyson | Director of Science, Research, and Development

Emily has more than 25 years in the environmental science and permitting field. Emily comes to BioHiTech Global from the environmental consulting world where she was the CEO of Dyson Environmental Management and Compliance. Ms. Dyson has worked throughout North America with clients and regulators on issues related to solid waste disposal, wastewater, air emissions, and overall industrial environmental program development.

Emily’s role as the Director of Science, Research and Development is to bring advanced techniques and understanding of the science of bio-technologies. Emily works with BioHiTech Global’s Operations personnel to identify new approaches and technologies for solid waste disposal and assist BioHiTech Global in bringing them to the market in the bio-technology/waste management arena. In addition, Emily works with BioHiTech’s sales force and clients to ensure that they have an understanding of the science they deploy, the impacts to the surrounding environment, and the regulatory compliance requirements that must be met.

Emily lives in Maryland with her husband and two college-age children.

Dennis Soriano | Director of Business Development

Dennis has 43 years of experience in the Waste, Recycling and Concrete industries. Dennis has held executive level management positions at Waste Management Inc. at both the regional and corporate levels. Additionally, he served as COO of Greenstar North America and most recently CEO of Waste to Water LLC. Dennis has extensive experience in operations, business development and management of municipal contracts. Mr. Soriano’s career in the Waste and Recycling Industries has focused on working with public, private and municipal entities on projects aimed at the long-term preservation of our environment.

As Director of Business Development for E.N.A. Renewables, Dennis will cooperatively work with the management team to advance their efforts to provide alternatives for the disposal of waste into landfills. Entsorga’ s long-term goal is the development of a network of MBT processing facilities that will provide an acceptable alternative to landfill disposal, while producing an SRF fuel substitute for coal. Mr. Soriano will draw on his years of experience to help the Entsorga team formulate and implement a successful marketing plan to achieve their goal of providing long-term sustainable solutions.

Dennis and his wife live in Dutchess County, New York and have three grown children and 5 grandchildren.

Entsorga Italia

Entsorga Italia was created in 1997, and has continuously developed its knowledge and technologies in cooperation with major Research Institutes like the Milan University the Milan Polytechnic and the Scuola Agraria del Parco di Monza.

Today Entsorga is a leading company in the sector of waste biological treatment. The public awareness of Entsorga and the peculiarity of the proposed technologies have identified some treatment methods with the proprietary brands. With the COCCINELLE name people refer to the bio container composting technology.

The Company operates in Italy, in the United Kingdom, Slovenia, Greece. The long lasting experience in the waste treatment plant construction and the mix of the solution proposed allow Entsorga to adapt the proposal to the particular needs of a territory.

The principles on which the Entsorga solutions are based are environmental protection, user friendly approach, process automation in order to increase efficiency and reliability, low energy consumption, continuous improvement.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What permits are possibly needed (varies by state)?

  • Solid Waste Permit
  • Air Quality Minor Source Permit to Construct
  • Encroachment Permit for public road access
  • Local Planning and Zoning Permits
  • Building permits and local compliance requirements – Ongoing as required for construction.

What is the time frame for completion?

Once all major permits have been issued, construction is expected to take 12-16 months.

Who would build the facility?

  • A bonded Engineering, Procurement and Commissioning (EPC) Contractor
  • A bonded General Contractor
  • A design-build and construction management firm specializing in pre-engineered metal building design and construction
  • Local contractors will be selected as sub-contractors for various elements of the construction of the proposed facility
  • It is estimated that approximately 50-100 individuals could be involved in the construction project

What is the estimated cost for construction of the proposed facility?

The total investment for the facility, construction, and equipment will vary.

What type of construction is the proposed facility?

Construction will be modular concrete placement and steel building technology. The first phase of construction will be the placement of the flooring, walls and roof. The second and more complicated phase is the placement of the mechanical equipment.

What are the advantages to Mechanical, Biological Treatment (MBT)?

MBT, when applied to municipal solid waste (MSW) leads to a significant weight loss. The process will lead to the recovery of additional metal recyclables (while not impacting current or future recycling activities), substantial reduction in the need for landfilling and the creation of a final product that is EPA recognized as a renewable alternative fuel called SRF. Each of these accomplishments will result in a substantial reduction in Greenhouse Gasses. There is no hazardous waste or incineration or combustion involved in the MBT process.

What is the MBT Process and how is the Solid Refuse Fuel made?

  • Reception – Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) placed by resident’s curbside as it is today, will be brought to the proposed facility by a local hauler. The MSW will be deposited into an indoor aerated reception pit. Air is continuously drawn into the building to avoid odor buildup inside the Facility. There is no combustion or incineration in this process.

    MSW processed at the Facility is anticipated to include all of the waste currently allowable by local waste haulers including but not limited to, kitchen organic waste, mixed unsorted paper, plastics, etc. Excluded waste includes all wastes that are currently prohibited by the local waste hauler such as hazardous waste, used oil, source separated recyclables, white goods and construction debris.

  • Pre-screening – MSW will go through an initial screening process using a large rotary drum that will tear open the trash bags and combine the bagged waste with other non-bagged MSW. Large pieces of waste such as plastic, paper and cardboard are separated from the MSW and set aside for use during the refining stage. The remaining waste, including organic waste is referred to as “underscreen” material, is smaller in size and goes directly to a holding area. An air circulation system will be used to ensure rapid composting of the organic fraction of the waste. The air circulation system blows warm air through the under-screen waste in order to quickly start up the aerobic composting fermentation process.
  • Biological treatment (oxidation/composting) – The underscreen material is moved from the holding area and placed on a pre-fabricated concrete floor that contains slots through which processed air is moved. The processed air is comprised of a controlled combination of fresh air and re-circulated warm air, which ensures a consistent breakdown of the waste. This reduces the amount of water in the material leading to a dry paper-like product. There is no combustion or incineration in this process.
  • Refining – After the biological treatment stage, the now dried under-screen material will be re-introduced to the previously removed over-screen material in the refinement area of the facility. Using rotary screens, air separators and magnetic/infrared technology, the material is further separated to remove any metals and PVC plastics that may remain. Metals will be sent to the County Recycling Center on Grapevine Road. The PVC plastics will be sent to the local landfill. The product is then shredded into smaller pieces resulting in a product that can be used as an alternate fuel replacing traditional fuels, such as coal and petroleum coke.

How will emissions/odors from the facility be controlled?

  • The building will be under slight negative pressure, which will keep the odors from reaching the outside environment.
  • All of the air (about 70,000 m3) drawn from the building is cleaned by means of a very large biofilter that has been proven to be the most effective technology for odor control over the years. It is a process that involves harnessing natural microbes to remove odor from the air.
  • Dust control devices such as bag houses will collect any particulate matter from the air prior to discharge to the atmosphere from the building.
  • The doors used by trucks entering the building are “quick open/close” doors which will help to eliminate odor emissions as well. At the existing SRF manufacturing facilities, located in Europe, there is no noticeable odor at the facility boundaries.
  • Visible particulate emissions will be monitored as required by the WVDEP Air Permit-to-Construct and additionally throughout the workday to ensure that dust is properly controlled.

Is this SRF manufacturing facility an incinerator?

No. The proposed process does not combust any waste materials as a method of waste disposal. The proposed process uses mechanical (e.g., conveyors, sorters, and cranes) and naturally occurring biological processes (oxidation or composting) to produce an alternate fuel.

Where will the MSW come from?

  • The MSW would come from surrounding counties needed to operate the facility
  • Household waste and C&D waste can be accepted.
  • Select commercial waste may be accepted

Will there be any new infrastructure required to handle the truck traffic?

An access road may need to be permitted and built to access the facility.

How many individuals will be employed?

At capacity the facility will have between 15-20 employees. These employees consist of individuals working at the facility in various positions. Additional employees will be required for the transportation of SRF and recyclables to market, as well as any residual waste to landfills. In addition, there will be a number of services connected with maintenance and cleaning that may be outsourced to local companies.

Who is going to buy and use the SRF?

The manufactured SRF has been used in European communities by the cement industry, steel plants, power plants, and gasification plants.

What are the environmental benefits of using SRF as an alternate fuel?

The SRF from the Entsorga process has been proven to have contaminants comparable to or less than those found in traditional US fossil fuels. Facilities that have used SRF as an alternative fuel have reduced their Greenhouse Gas Emissions and their overall carbon footprint. In addition to a cleaner burning fuel supply, less MSW will need to be disposed of in landfills. As a result, this will trigger a reduction in GHG emissions of an estimated 24,800 tons per year of carbon dioxide or carbon dioxide equivalent. Using the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Greenhouse Gas Equivalencies Calculator (www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-resources/calculator.com) below are some statistics that show relative comparisons of carbon dioxide emissions and carbon sequestration to everyday activities:

  • Annual GHG emissions from 4,411 passenger vehicles (assuming 20.4 miles per gallon and 11,720 miles per year per vehicle).
  • CO2 emissions from 2,522,218 gallons of gasoline consumed.
  • Carbon sequestered by 576,876 tree seedlings grown for 10 years.
  • Carbon sequestered annually by 4,797 acres of pine forests.

Is SRF manufacturing and use a proven technology?

  • There are currently over 300 MBT plants being utilized throughout Europe today. The highest concentration of SRF manufacturing facilities is in Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK. There are numerous MBT plants currently under construction throughout Europe including the United Kingdom, Poland, Slovenia, Romania, and the Czech Republic.
  • The most recent constructed Entsorga plant was commissioned in 2014 by the Hills Group in Wiltshire England. It currently processes over 70,000 tons per year of MSW into SRF.